Hüseyin Sadneddin Arel

Müzikolog, Müzisyen

18 Aralık, 1880
06 Mayıs, 1955
School of Law
Diğer İsimler
Hüseyin Saadettin Arel

Composer and scholar of music (B. 6 May 1955, Istanbul – D. 18 December 1980, Istanbul). He is the son of an Anatolian Military Judge, Dardağanzade Hacı Mehmed Efendi. After graduating from Izmir French College he studied in a madrasah in Istanbul. Besides he graduated from School of Law (1906). He served in official positions such as Ministry of Justice Consultancy (1911), Member of Council of State (1913), General Directorate of Land Registry Cadastre (1914) and Head of Reform Office of Council of State (1915-18). After 1918 he worked as a self-employed lawyer. During these years his interest in music grew. He learnt oud and Turkish music from Şekerci Cemil Bey, harmony, fugue and counterpoint from Edgar Manas. He raised himself in the fields of composition, score and orchestration. He analyzed classic repertoire and old musical theories with Hüseyin Fahreddin Dede. He built Arel-Ezgi System together with Suphi Ezgi. With his writings and compositions, he attempted to develop a polyphony based on the traditional sound system and maqams.

In 1943 he was appointed Director of Istanbul Municipal Conservatory with a five-year-long contract. He was asked to reopen the Department of Turkish Music which was closed in 1926 and organize the Department of Western Music. Arel created various concert groups in the Department of Western Music. He raised the department to the level of a mediocre Western conservatory. In the Department of Turkish Music, he established a concert group called İcra Heyeti (T.N. Group of Performers). In the lectures he gave he taught the theory of Turkish Music they created with Suphi Ezgi.

Arel quit his duty in the Municipal Conservatory in 1948 and he established Advanced Turkish Music Conservatory Association. In Musiki Mecmuası journal of this association his numerous articles were published. In these articles mostly about music, he was in between people who claimed that traditional music should be quit and replaced by the Western music and people who claimed that traditional music should be conserved as it was and Western music should be opposed. Arel suggested a sort of reconciliation. Polyphony was superiority but taking it with the sound system, instruments and techniques of composition and orchestration of the Western music would not fit to the national corpus. What needed to be done was to create a polyphonic Turkish music without detaching from traditional sound systems and maqams and by improving traditional instruments. These ideas of Arel did not have any influence on two opposed groups he was in the middle of. People in the first group were determined about not adding traditional instruments to the orchestra and not opening a department of Turkish Music in Ankara State Conservatory (it was the only state conservatory at that time). People in the second group accused Arel of degenerating Turkish music. Having said that, especially under the influence of the lessons Arel gave between 1943 and 48 in the Municipal Conservatory, Arel-Ezgi System was broadly accepted, despite being criticized for some of its points. This system was taught in Istanbul Municipal Conservatory which was opened in 1976 and in Turkish Music State Conservatory which was opened in 1985 in Izmir.

The most important ones among Arel's published theoretical works are Türk Musikisi Nazariyatı Dersleri (1968) and Türk Musikisi Kimindir (1969). In the first one frets, tones, quarter-rests, quintettes, maqams, styles and forms are explained, examples from classic works are given. Türk Musikisi Kimindir which was first published in Türklük journal (It is published by Arel in 15 volumes in 1939) and later in Musiki Mecmuası is a resistance to arguments claimed by some Turkish writers defending some Western writes and their ideas, that the Turkish music originated from ancient Greek, Byzantine, Arabic and Iranian music.

Arel is a very productive composer. During his youth he composed hundreds of pieces in the Western style music which he burnt afterwards. He has about 600 compositions in various forms, most of them were monophonic. Most of his monophonic works he composed starting from the age of twenty-five are verbal works consisting of various forms such as Mawlawi ritual, rest, chants, songs, compositions, ağır semai, yürük semai. Most of his 116 monophonic instrumental works are in forms of peşrev and saz semaisi. Most of his polyphonic works he composed in the last years of his life are duets, triplets and quartets for various instruments and voices. Many of Arel's compositions were never vocalized. Reasons of this are that these works which usually expected a technical competence from an instrumentalist or vocal artist and which presented a new melodic fiction and transition understanding were found odd by performers who continued the traditional style and there were not expert performers among Arel's students.

HIS FAMOUS COMPOSITIONS: Düğün Evinde (oyun havası (dance music)), Ham Hayat (saz semaisi), Köyden Haber (saz semaisi), İşveler (peşrev), Mini Mini (Peşrev), İnce Bir Bulut gibi Siyah İpek Peçesi (song).

REFERENCE: Rahmi Kalaycıoğlu / Türk Musikisi Bestekârlar Külliyatı (4 cilt, 1979), Avni Anıl  / Anılar ve Belgelerle Musikimiz (1981), Büyük Larousse (c. 2, s. 773, 1986),  Mehmet Nazmi Özalp / Türk Musikisi Tarihi (1986), Cemil Yener / Müzikte Kim Kimdir? (1987), Yılmaz Öztuna / Büyük Türk Musikisi Ansiklopedisi (1990), Ahmet Şahin Ak / Türk Musikisi Tarihi (2002), Vural Sözer / Müzik Ansiklopedik Sözlük (2005), Ana Britanica (c.2, s. 258, 2005 İhsan Işık / Ünlü Sanatçılar (Türkiye Ünlüleri Ansiklopedisi, C. 5, 2013) - Encyclopedia of Turkey’s Famous People (2013) - Resimli ve Metin Örnekli Türkiye Edebiyatçılar ve Kültür Adamları Ansiklopedisi (C. 12, 2017).



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