Hüseyin Avni Pasha

Osmanlı Sadrazamı, Asker, Devlet Adamı

15 Haziran, 1876
Military School

Soldier, statesman, grand vizier (B. 1820, Gelendost /Şarkîkaraağaç/ Isparta – D. June 15th 1876, Istanbul). His father was Odabaşızade Ahmed Effendi. He came to Istanbul when he was ten years old. He started his madrasah education next to his uncle who was working as a mudarris in the Çorlulu Ali Paşa Madrasah and he was transferred to Military School in 1837. He became a master sergeant by having won the qualifying examination he entered in 1839 and he became a lieutenant in 1842. He graduated with the rank of senior staff captain from Erkân-ı Harbiye (Military School) in 1849 where he had entered in 1847. Then, he was appointed as the assistant teacher of art of war and the teacher of the expeditionary and internal laws at the Military School. He was sent to Shumen in 1852 by being promoted to the rank of a colonel. He was changed with the strengthening of the Balkan gates in the Sofia side until the Crimean War. He was promoted to the rank of colonel upon his success here. After the Battle of Kars, he was promoted to the rank of Brigadier General. After participating wars in Crimea, Danube and Caucasus fronts, he became the Military Commander and Chairman of the Military Council, and later the Commander of the First Army with the rank of marshal in 1863 and the Governor of Seraskier.

There is conflicting information from different sources about his personality. Hüseyin Avni Pasha, whose personality was claimed to be rude, uncouth and non-serious in some sources, and was also claimed to have been an honest person as well as being passionate person.

According to some sources he was dismissed because of an outrageous behavior by the Sultan Abdülaziz in 1865 and after being jobless for a period of time, he was appointed to the governorates of Crete in 1867 and then to the governorates of Thessaly and after this date he started to feel extreme rage towards the Sultan Abdülaziz. In various sources, it is said that he worked against Sultan Abdülaziz until the end of his life due to the rage he felt, he put efforts for the crown prince Murad to take over him and ultimately reaching the goal, he promoted the dethroning of Abdülaziz and substitution of him by Murad V. 

In 1868 he was appointed as the seraskier by Ali Pasha upon the proposal of Fuad Pasha. Even though he attempted poisoning the Sultan during his service, he couldn’t succeed. He was dismissed from the seraskier position and exiled to Isparta during the period of Nedim Pasha, the Grand Vizier in 1871. He was amnestied after having stayed eleven months in Isparta. He was appointed as the governor of Aydın (Izmir) in 1872. He was appointed to the Naval Forces in 1873 and he was appointed as the seraskier in the same year. 

Hüseyin Avni Pasha was appointed to the prime minister office in 1874 while remaining in the seraskier duty; he couldn’t remain in this position as long as he hoped. He was sent to the governorate of Aydın (Izmir) again by being dismissed from the grand vizierate and seraskier position in 1875. He asked for the permission from the state to go to France with the excuse of receiving treatment. It is claimed that he had meetings in London, where he passed from France, in order to dethrone the Sultan. 

Even though the Pasha, who was appointed to the governor of Konya, was appointed as the seraskier for the third time in 1875 after his return to home, he was dismissed after a short time and sent to the governor of Bursa. Pasha, who was appointed as the seraskier for the last time on May 13th 1876, took part in the encapsulation of the Dolmabahçe Palace by taking several military students along, with the excuse of protecting the Sultan from the assassination on May 30th 1876 and upon the dethroning of Abdülaziz, Prince Murad Efendi got ascended the throne with the title of Sultan Murad Khan V. 

He was murdered as a result of an attack made by senior captain Hasan Bey (Çerkez Hasan) to the mansion of the Mithat Pasha in Bayezid when the pashas, who got Sultan Abdülaziz killed, gathered together. According to some sources, it was claimed that Çerkez Hasan was the brother-in-law of the Sultan Abdülaziz and he attacked in order to take the revenge of the sultan and according to some, he was a person who acted with a private grudge. The funeral of Hüseyin Avni Pasha was buried the next day, next to the tomb of his friend Ali Pasha, near the Süleymaniye Mosque. Çerkez Hasan, who was caught as injured was executed the next day in the Bayezid Square.



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