Soldier, poet and historian (B. 1838,
Istanbul – D. 1892, Baghdad). He was the son of Mehmet Hâlet Efendi, who was a
janissary aga. His full name was Süleyman Hüsnü Pasha and he used the pen name
(pseudonym) Hüsnî in his poems. Süleyman Hüsnü, who began his primary education
in local school, learned Arabic and Persian from Mudurnulu İsmail Efendi, who
taught at Beyazıt Mosque. After
When he returned to
He was sent away from
On the other hand, plots behind the front
had their influence on Sultan Abdülhamid. Therefore, Süleyman Pasha was blamed
for the defeat. He was brought to
After having changed the curriculum of military schools to befit the spirit of the nation Süleyman Hüsnü Pasha had difficulty in finding schoolbooks, which were going to be taught at these schools. Translations made from foreign authors were mostly full of improper and groundless information on Turks. Therefore, Süleyman Pasha was forced to write the schoolbooks himself as it was impossible for those books to be used as schoolbooks. First he wrote religious culture, Turkish and history books. He wrote these books in a very clear and simplified Turkish. By this way, Süleyman Pasha, who supported Turkism against Ottomanism in the Tanzimat (T. N. reform) era, put his opinion into effect in military schools through schoolbooks by starting from history, language and religion fields.
Süleyman Pasha’s most important work is the world history book called “Tarih-i Âlem”. In the prologue of this book, he wrote “Because the general history taught at military schools are exactly derived from foreign languages, there are things that are contrary to Islamic tenets and to national morals, for this reason and also because only a few chapters of the Ancient Ages were translated, it hasn’t been successful.” In “Tarih-i Âlem” Süleyman Pasha allocated a big part to the history of Turks before Islam. De Guignes’ “Hunlar Tarihi” (the History of Huns) and Raymond’s “Tatar Tarihi” (the History of Tatar) are among the sources referenced in the writing of the work. In this sense, “Tarih-i Âlem” is the first Turkish work, which was written by making use of the Turcology studies of the West.
Süleyman Pasha called the work he wrote as a Turkish grammar book “Sarf-ı
Türkî”. By then, such books were called “Sarf-ı Osmanî, Kavâid-i Osmaniye”.
He opened military junior high schools and
teacher’s training schools while he was in the Ministry of Military Schools. He
was awarded a second degree medal in the Geography Congress that was held in
LITERATURE-LANGUAGE: Mebâni’l-İnşâ (2 volumes, 1874), İlm-i Sarf-ı Türkî (Turkish grammar, 1875).
HISTORY: Târih-i Âlem (world history, involves the events dating from the creation of the Prophet Adam to the birth of Islam, 1874), Umdetü’l-Hakayık (This work, which is about the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78, had been written as a criticism of “Harb-i Ahir ve İstihkamat”, which is a work that had been written to criticize the Russo-Turkish War of 1293 and which was published at Ceride-i Askeriyye. 6 volumes, 1828), Hisse-i İnkılâp (This work is about the dethronement of Sultan Abdülaziz and Murad V’s ascension to the throne, 1908.)
RELIGION: İlm-i Hâl-i Sagir, İlm-i Hâl-i Kebir.
TRANSLATION: Terceme-i İrâde-i Cüz’iyye (from Akkirmanî).