statesman and politician, prime minister (B. February 5th, 1889,
Istanbul - D. April 1st, 1950,
Istanbul). After having graduated from secondary school education in
Kocamustafa Paşa Military High School and the War College, he participated in the
Yemen, Tripoli and the Balkan wars. He was in the Rumelia and Caucasian fronts
in the First World War. After graduating from the Military Academy (1919), he
moved to Anatolia on February 4th 1920 in order to participate in
the national struggle. He was assigned to the General Secretary of TBMM opened
on 23rd April 1920. He was elected as a deputy of Kütahya in the
second period and got into the TBMM. In the same year, he was appointed as the
general secretary of the Cumhuriyet Halt Party and a year later as the Ministry
of the Interior. In addition, he represented the Exchange, Reconstruction and Inhabitation
ministries. He was the Minister of Defense and the Public Works during the
third and fourth İsmet (İnönü) Pasha Governments.
elected as the Secretary General of the CHP for the second time in 1931; he gave lectures on the history of
reforms in these years in Ankara and
Istanbul Universities and in the Military Academy. The report written by Recep
Peker, who was sent to Italia in order to study the fascism in 1936 and which
suggested the forming of a "Fascist Council" over the TBMM and signed
by the Prime Minister İsmet İnönü, was rejected by the President Atatürk. Recep
Peker was dismissed from his General Secretary position at CHP in the next day.
Recep Peker became the prime minister by
being charged to form the government after the manipulative election in 1946.
The economic package, announced by the government and worked more for stockers,
was reacted in national basis. In the same year, the freedom of the media was restricted
officially with a law introduced and the authoritarianism duration was extended and the
fear and intimidation policies were made dominate the country. The “Tasvir” and “Demokrasi” newspapers in Istanbul were closed indefinitely. “Yeni Asır” and “Demokrat İzmir” newspapers in Izmir were closed as well and
investigation was started for their managers.
Recep Peker, whose resign was requested by
the President İnönü when his
unsuccessful management didn’t show any improvement tried to resist for a
while, finally left his position to Hasan Saka by giving his resignation on
September 9th 1947 and ending his period that he didn’t do any
positive practices. He died on April 1st 1950 in Istanbul.
Peker, who was one of the most influential figures in the single-party regime,
was the third member of the Board of the General Presidency who ruled the
system behind the scenes along with Atatürk and İnönü at the General Presidency
Committee. He was also the Honorary
President of Beşiktaş Jimnastik Club for many years, one of
the ideologists of the period, Peker has worked as the editorial writer of the
“Hakimiyet-i Milliye” (later name, Ulus) for a while. His notes of “İnkılâp Tarihi Ders Notları” (T.N. “History of Revolution Lecture Notes”)
that was published in the “Ülkü” magazine which was a media organ of the
Public Houses were published as a book with the title “İnkılâp Dersleri” in 1935.