Politician and statesman (B. 31 January, 1884, Novhanı
Village/ Baku/ Azerbaijan-D. 6 March, 1955, Ankara). He studied in
Russian-Muslim school then Baku
At the beginning of the century, he began to his social-political and
literature activities. When he was seventeen, he established the first
political organization Muslim Youth Organization against Russian colony in Azerbaijan. He wrote about the situation of Azerbaijan
people and Turks situation in Himmet, Tekamül, Füyuzat, İrşat, Terakki
newspapers. In Tabriz,
he had a meeting with Settarhan who was the national hero of Azerbaijan,
published newspapers and books. Because of the oppression of char government,
he moved to Turkey from Iran and he continued to his political and
literature studies in Istanbul.
In 1913, he took the benefit of general amnesty which was for the 300th
anniversary of Romanov’s family and returned to his country and became the
leader of Musavat Party. In October
1917, he was elected as the party leader of Musavat Party. During the
establishment of Azerbaijan Democratic Republics, he became the head of
National Council and he worked very hard until the XI. Red Army came in to Azerbaijan.
Although he was imprisoned after 1920 April rebellion,
he was released by Stalin. He was sent to Moscow
from Bayıl Prison. Müsavat people helped him to escape to Finland with a
boat. He lived his exile years in Europe and Turkey. He had a deep hope about
independence and independence of the country and he expressed his opinions in
the newspapers, magazines and books he published. He passed away because of his
diabetes in Ankara
School. He said “Azerbaijan... Azerbaijan... Azerbaijan...”
in his last words and he passed away. He was buried in to Ankara Asri
Karanlıkta Işıklar (1908), Cemaat
İdaresi (1917), Bize Hangi İdare Faydalıdır (1917), Azerbaycan
Teşekkülünde Müsavat (1918), Azerbaycan Cumhuriyeti (1919), Azerbaycan
Cumhuriyeti Keyfiyeti Teşekküli ve Şimdiki Vaziyeti (1922), Asrımızın
Siyavuşu (1922), İstiklâl Mefkuresi ve Gençlik (1922), Rusya’da
Siyasî Vaziyet (1922), Azerbaycan Misak-ı Millisi (1927), Milliyetçilik
ve Bolşevizm (1928), İhtilâlci Sosyalizmin İflâsı ve Demokrasinin Geleceği
(1928), Kafkasya Türkleri (1928), Çağdaş Azerbaycan Edebiyatı (1936),
Azerbaycan Kültür Gelenekleri (1949), Çağdaş Azerbaycan Edebiyatı
(1950), Çağdaş Azerbaycan Tarihi (1951), Azerbaycan Şâiri Nizâmî (1951).
REFERENCE: Seyid Hasan Tağizade / Sühen dergisi
(Tahran, 1955, issue: 4), Ertuğrul Yaman / Türkiye’deki Türk Dünyası (with A.K.
Bolaç – A. Esatoğlu, 1998), İhsan Işık / Resimli ve Metin Örnekli Türkiye
Edebiyatçılar ve Kültür Adamları Ansiklopedisi (The 2nd edition, 2009).