Nazmi Ziya Güran


Mülkiye Mektebi (Faculty of Political Sciencew)

Painter (B.1881, Aksaray – D.1937, Istanbul). He was from the family of Molla Gürâni. For this reason, he got the surname, Güran, after the Surname Law. He had his primary education at Vefa Özel Şemsülmaarif School, his high school education at Vefa İdadisi (high school), and his undergraduate education at Mülkiye Mektebi (faculty of political sciencew) in 1901. He started working at Sadaret Mektupçu Office. In those years, he continued his education at Sanayi-i Nefise Mektebi (academy of fine arts) in order to study on painting art which he had been interested in since his childhood. There, he took lessons from the famous painters of the time, such as Hoca Ali Rıza, Osman Hamdi Bey, Salvatore Valery, Varniya and Osgan Efendi.

            He graduated in 1908, and then he went to Paris through his own means. At Fine Arts Academy of Paris, he worked at the art studio of the painter Cormon. He spent his free time painting outdoors and visiting museums. He worked at Musée du Louvre for two months. One of his paintings was exhibited in Paris Art Gallery in 1912. He returned to Istanbul at the end of 1913. He worked as a manager at İzmir Muallim Mektebi (teacher’s training school). He worked as the schooling supervisor of Istanbul province and as the manager of Sanayi-i Nefise. In 1915, he was charged by Maarif Nezareti (ministry of education) with making paintings about Turkish history for the purpose of exhibiting on the school walls.

            Under the influence of the Impressionist Movement, accepted as one of the pioneers of landscape painting along with Hikmet Onat and Avni Lifij, Nazmi Ziya chose the views of Istanbul as the subject in his works. He attracted attention especially with his works, which portrayed foggy mornings of Istanbul with a unique technique. Apart from this, there are portraits and various compositions of him.

            Nazmi Ziya, being a part of Osmanlı Ressamlar Cemiyeti (fine arts association) which was founded in 1909, from the year of 1916, regularly participated in the exhibitions organized there. After his death, a book, containing his life, art and some of his paintings, was published by the Academy of Fine Arts. Celal Esat Arseven, in his book titled Sanat ve Siyaset Hatıralarım, in which he collected his memories, gave the biggest part to his master Nazmi Ziya, and praised him.

Nazmi Ziya, painting


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