Military Officer, statesman and politician,
vice prime minister (B. 25th November 1917 Nicosia, Cyprus – D. 4th
April 1977, Ankara). His real name was Hüseyin Feyzullah. He was from Koyunoğlu
family, the son of Tuzlalı Ahmet Hamdi Bey and Fatma Zehra Hanım. His parents
first lived in the
While Türkeş was a captain, together with twenty three
people one of whom were Nihal Atsız, Zeki Velidi Togan, Reha Oğuz
Türkkan, he was court-martialed on the
charges of political activities in 1944 and was acquitted on May 29,1945. He
could re-join the army because his sentence was less than one year. In 1948 he
Shortly before 27th May 1960 he was appointed to National
Unity Committee after he was appointed to
None of the officers called fourteens one of whom was Alparslan
Türkeş could rank among the members of new NUC. He was sent to
Alparslan Türkeş was welcomed by a huge nationalist crowd upon his return
candidate for Presidency in 1966 but lost to Cevdet Sunay with 11 votes. He
entered the parliamentary again in 1969 and in 1973 as the deputy of
Alparslan Türkeş was arrested together with other senior managers of the party during 12 September coup d'état. Later, he was put on trial for “trying to change constitutional order by force and in a way which was against the republicanism and democracy, arming people against each other and encouraging them in bloodbath, committing these crimes himself, committing crimes described in Article 149 and 146 of Turkish Penal Code.” He released by the court pending a trial in 1985 and he was sentenced to 11 years 1 month and 10 days. He was in prison for 4 and half years.
Türkeş was the president of MHP, which was forbade from politics, after it was allowed to be active in politics legally again until his death. He entered the parliamentary again as the deputy of Yozgat in 1991 when his party was in a coalition with the Refah Party (RP) under the leadership of Necmettin Erbakan. However, he couldn’t enter the parliamentary in 1995 when the party failed to pass the 10% national threshold needed for a political party to have a seat in Parliament.
He died of
heart failure on April 4, 1997 and he was buried in state ceremony. He was laid
to rest in a monumental tomb in Beştepe,
1944 Milliyetçilik Olayı (1968), Dokuz Işık (1969), Türkiye’nin Meseleleri, Temel Görüşler (1975), Dış Politikamız ve Kıbrıs (1975), Yeni Ufuklara Doğru, Kahramanlık Ruhu, Gönül Seferberliğine, Bunalımdan Çıkış Yolu, Savunma (his defenses in the court, 1992), İlimcilik (1995), 27 Mayıs - 13 Kasım - 21 Mayıs ve Gerçekler (Istanbul 1996), Bunalımdan Çıkış Yolu (1996).
REFERENCE: Mustafa Çalık / Siyasi Kültür ve Sosyolojinin Bazı Kavramları Açısından MHP Hareketi (1965), İhsan Işık / Yazarlar Sözlüğü (1990, 1998) - Türkiye Yazarlar Ansiklopedisi (2001, 2004) - Resimli ve Metin Örnekli Türkiye Edebiyatçılar ve Kültür Adamları Ansiklopedisi (2006, gen. 2. bas. 2007) – Ünlü Devlet Adamları (Türkiye Ünlüleri Ansiklopedisi, C. 1, 2013) - Encyclopedia of Turkey’s Famous People (2013)., Sabri Akdeniz / MHP Genel Başkanı Sn. Alparslan Türkeş’e Açık Mektup (1993), Cemal Anadol / Alparslan Türkeş: Olaylar-Belgeler-Hatıralar ve MHP (1995), Oral Çalışlar / Liderler Hapishanesi: Ecevit - Erbakan ve Türkeş ile Cezaevi Günleri (1996), Ortadoğu Gazetesi ‘Türkeş Özel Eki’ (4.4.1998), Erdoğan Alp / Son Başbuğ (2000), Mehmet Doğan / Alparslan Türkeş: MHP ve Gölgedeki Adam (2000), Hüdavendigar Onur / Türk Sağı Sözlüğü (2001), Abdullah Satoğlu / Kayseri Ansiklopedisi (2002).