Hüseyin Rahmi Gürpınar

Roman Yazarı, Yazar

17 Ağustos, 1864
08 Mart, 1944
Mahreci Aklam

Novelist (b. 17 August 1864, İstanbul – d. 8 March 1944, Ankara). He was the son of Mirliva Mehmet Sait Paşa who was an Ottoman general. He attended İstanbul Aksaray Ağa Yokuşu Primary School, Mahmudiye Elementary School and Mahreci Aklam, a school that educated clerks for legal positions. He discontinued his studies at the Faculty of Political Sciences due to illness. He learnt French by private tutoring. He worked for the Ministry of Justice at the commercial court and at the Ministry of Public Works Translation Office (1893-1908). He worked as editorial writer on the newspapers Tercüman-ı Hakikat (1988) and İkdam (1894). He published the newspapers Boşboğaz (with Ahmet Rasim, in 1908) and Güllabi, a humorous newspaper. He stood trial because of Boşboğaz but he was acquitted, however the review was closed down.

In 1912 he moved to his chalet and spent thirty-two years on Heybelida Island in İstanbul mostly writing. Although he was a member of the Literary Council of the City Theatre of İstanbul in his later years, he left after a short time. In the years of World War I, he wrote articles and theatre articles for the newspaper İkdam (1914-1918). He wrote in the newspapers, Sabah, Yeni Sabah, Cumhuriyet, Vakit and Milliyet. He became a parliamentary deputy for Kütahya and took his place at the Turkey Grand National Assembly (1936-1943). Then he retired to his chalet again. He never married. He is buried in the Heybelida Abbas Paşa Graveyard.

He became well known for the novels Şık (Elegant) and İffet (Chastity), which he began to serialize alternately after he did translations in the early days as a writer. He aimed to serve society with his literary works with a similar understanding to that of Ahmet Mithat Efendi. He featured different characters from different backgrounds of society and the problem of change that he observed in social life. Gürpınar’s novels are also important due to their introduction of folklore and history to the traditions and society of İstanbul at that time. Ahmet Oktay analyzes three important themes in the novels of Gürpınar: the imitation of European ways, being on the fringe of society and individualism


NOVELS: Şık (Elegant, 1989), İffet (Chastity, 1896), Mutallâka (Divorced Wife, 1898; later editions with the name Child Souvenir), Mürebbiye (Governess, 1899), Bir Muâdele-i Sevda (A Love Endorsement, 1899), Metres (Mistress, 1899; new edition, 1998), Tesadüf (Serendipity, 1900), Nimetşinas (Blessing, 1910), Şıpsevdi (Quick Lover, 1911), Kuyruklu Yıldız Altında Bir İzdivaç (A Marriage under a Comet, 1912), Gulyabani (The Ogre, 1912), Hakka Sığındık (We Took Refuge in God, 1919), Sevda Peşinde (Chasing after Love, 1912), Cadı (The Witch, 1914), Hayattan Sayfalar (Pages from Life,1919), Toraman (Untamed, 1919), Son Arzu (The Last Desire,1922), Tebessüm-i Elem (1923; with the name the Bitter Smile in contemporary Turkish, Kemal Bek, 2002), Cehennemlik (Hellish, 1924), Efsuncu Baba (Father the Magician, 1924), Meyhanede Hanımlar (Ladies in the Bar/long stories, 1924,), Ben Deli miyim? (Am I Crazy?, 1925), Tutuşmuş Gönüller (Blazing Hearts, 1926), Billur Kalb (The Crystal Heart, 1926), Evlere Şenlik Kaynanam Nasıl Kudurdu? (How Did My Awful Mother-in-law Go Mad?, 1927), Muhabbet Tılsımı (The Talisman of Love, 1928), Mezarından Kalkan Şehit (The Martyr who Rose from His Grave, 1928), Kokotlar Mektebi (The School of Loose Women, 1928), Şeytan İşi (The Devil’s Work, 1933), Utanmaz Adam (The Shameless Man, 1934), Eşkıya İninde (In the Cave of the Bandit, 1935), Kesik Baş (The Cut-Off Head, 1942), Gönül Bir Yeldeğirmenidir Sevda Öğütür (The Heart is a Windmill, It Grinds Love,1943), Ölüm Bir Kurtuluş mudur? (Is Death a Salvation?, 1945), Dirilen İskelet (The Living Skeleton, 1946), Dünyanın Mihveri Kadın mı, Para mı? (Is the Axis of the World Women or Money?, 1949), Deli Filozof (The Crazy Philosopher, 1964), Kaderin Cilvesi (The Irony of Fate,1964), Can Pazarı (A Matter of Life and Death, 1968), İnsanlar Maymun muydu? (Were Human Beings Primates?, 1968), Ölüler Yaşıyor mu? (Do The Dead Live?, 1973), Namuslu Kokotlar (The Honorable Loose Women, 1973).


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