Fatin Rüştü Zorlu

Bakan, Milletvekili, Diplomat, Devlet Adamı, Siyaset Bilimci, Hukukçu, Siyasetçi

16 Eylül, 1961
Paris University Faculty of Political Sciences, Geneva University Faculty of Law

Politician and statesman, deputy, minister (B. 1910, Istanbul- D. September 16, 1961- Imrali). His family is from Esenyaka (Zor) village, Yusufeli, Artvin. He graduated from Galatasaray High School, Paris University Faculty of Political Sciences and Geneva University Faculty of Law. He started to serve in Foreign Affairs Ministry (1936). He attended to Montreux Conference; and worked as a central cipher director in Paris and Kuybisef. He was appointed as head clerk of Bern Embassy in 1939. He was appointed as Economic Affairs Vice General Secretary of Foreign Affairs Ministry in 1950. After working at several positions within Foreign Affairs Ministry, he became the General Secretary of Organization of Economic Cooperation in 1951. In 1952, he became an Ambassador and became the permanent representative of Turkey in NATO. 

He was elected as Çanakkale Deputy in 1954 general elections from Democrat Party (1954). In 1957, he became deputy for DP again. He worked as Vice Prime Minister (1954-1956), Minister of State (1957) and Minister of Foreign Affairs (1957-1960) in the governments of Menderes. He was one of the strongest members of Menderes cabinets. He did not give up from NATO and he played a determinant role for Turkey to be bound to USA, ignoring the Middle Eastern and third world countries. His five year long ministry and six year long deputy position ended with May 27, 1960 Military Coup. He was put on trial in High Justice Court at Yassiada and was sentenced to death and executed together with Prime Minister Adnan Menderes and Finance Minister Hasan Polatkan. His body was transferred to the Mausoleum in Istanbul on September 17, 1990, twenty nine years after his death.

REFERENCE: Türkiye Ansiklopedisi 2 (1974), Yurt Ansiklopedisi (6. volume, 1982), Milliyet Büyük Larousse Sözlük ve Ansiklopedisi (24. volume 1986), O. Cemal Fersoy / Fatin Rüştü Zorlu, Osman Şıklar / Bir Ara Rejim Bürokratının Anıları, Semih Günver / Fatin Rüştü Zorlu’nun Öyküsü, Rasim Koç / Fatin Rüştü Zorlu, Mehmet Arif Demirer / Fatin Rüştü Zorlu Gerçeği, Soner Yalçın / Efendi - Beyaz Türklerin Büyük Sırrı (2007).



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