Kazancı Bedih

Halk Müziği Sanatçısı, Müzisyen

20 Ocak, 2004
Diğer İsimler
Bedih Yoluk (asıl adı)

Folk poet, composer and interpreter (B. 1929, Şanlıurfa - D. 20th January 2004, Şanlıurfa). His real name was Bedih Yoluk and he was the last representative of the specific tradition of the region of Urfa concerning gazelle singing. His father, who was working as a weaver, was named as Çulhacı Halil and his mother was Zemzem Hanım from the family Dalyanlar. In his childhood and juvenility, he worked as an apprentice under the boilermaker named Hasan Diyar who was working as a weaver. He also worked with other boiler masters after Hasan Diyar. His nickname “Kazancı” came from this work he has done. Besides, he was also mentioned as “Pir (T.N. master)” within the community because of his mastership. He accomplished his military service in the military band company in Bingöl and Elazığ in the year of 1949. He continued to work as a weaver after his military service. After that, he got retired from the Municipality where he worked for twenty six years. He went on pilgrimage and then he founded a company concerning the reparation of tea pots and coffee pots in his return. Besides, he went to mawlids and he hymned and sang gazelle.

Şanlıurfa, described as the “Fertile Crescent” of the world and one of the oldest cities of the “Cradle of Civilizations” Mesopotamia, owns a rich fund of culture with an unknown beginning. There is a unique soul that holds the story of humanity in the memory of the city and the divine recollections of the three great religions permeated through the environment in its attraction and voice… Many prophets were born here and breathed here, in particular Hz. İbrahim. Hz. İbrahim resorted to Allah when he stood up to Nimrod. Barnabas, who was one of the apostles of Jesus, walked around this city’s streets by murmuring the melodies of the Bible, together with his adherents. Turkmens, Crusaders, Arabs, Armenians, Kurds and Chaldeans sat here to the same table on the “Assyrian Enlightenment”, accompanied by Barak music. Today, the community of this city gives the names Halil, İbrahim, İsa, Muhammet, Eyüp, Musa, Yusuf, Bünyamin, Meryem, Zeliha to their children because of this entire rich culture.

Therefore, the tradition is the breath for the people in Urfa. The breath comes out roughly, becomes an unmetered folk song, transforms to a gazelle and is sung as a maya. When the instruments stop, the gullet of people from here replaces the instruments. As a result of the musical talent and ambition of people from Urfa, music also played a part in the success of this historic city. The biggest determinants of this are “Sira nights”, “Flocking Together in Rooms” and “Mountain Overnights”. People from Urfa participating to Sira nights starting from young ages learn the traditions, the musical culture, rules of the community life, the respect, the tolerance and the solidarity in these nights. The principle of the practice is the relation between the master and the apprentice. Kazancı Bedih also breathed this air and received lessons from this practice.

Kazancı, whose interest in music started at young ages, got married when he was fourteen years old because he was the only child of the family and due to the insistence of his father. In his youth, his father took him to Mecbelbahır with him. The nights in here passed with meetings accompanied by music and fasils. The music masters of Urfa practiced between the voices of nightingales and the voices of water. Bedih, who was at a young age, listened with interest and infatuation the famous voice artists such as Hafız Burhan, Safiye Ayla, Hamiyet Yüceses and Müzeyyen Senar from the gramophone of Mecbelbahır where he went with his father. In a Sira night that he went with Necim Şıhe (Şıh Müslüm Görgün) when he was seventeen, he experienced such a musical feast that he almost lived a life changing night. The musical interest of Kazancı Bedih, who continued to participate in music practices and conversations, proceeded increasingly. Necim Şıhe taught him to play the mandolin with a metal body (cümbüş) and the tambour. He won the favor of the listeners especially with the information he learnt from Tenekeci Mahmut Usta and by singing in his own manner in musical assemblies. Musical bands were called “Teams” in Şanlıurfa in the past and when somebody was called to a place, they went there together with their team. Mehmet Çelik, Ali Kanun, Hasan Diyar, Necip Şıbe, Çırçır Mahe, Şıh Müslüm Görgün, Nacar Celal, Mustafa Usta were the team mates of Kazancı Bedih.

He never made a record. After the arrival of the rotor tape recorder to Şanlıurfa, he became wanted by people interested in making records and he sang gazelles, mayas and folk songs to hundreds of local records free of charge. He sang the gazelle of many poets in various maqams according to his own manner. He knew very well the tones and the passages of tones (the change of tone, color and volume in one composition, passage from one tone to another tone, modulation). Sometimes, he sang a song from the art music in his own manner, in a different interpretation, just like an unmetered folk song. He had a unique bass voice. In addition to hundreds of local cassettes, he also sang gazelles, mayas and folk songs in cassettes recorded in Istanbul. The gazelles he sang in the cassette series named “Urfa Gecelik” were much admired within the country.

Kazancı Bedih educated many people singing gazelles. In addition, many people listened to his local bands, benefited from them and have tried to sing with his manner. Everybody is in accord with opinion that there was something quite different that glamourized the listeners in the voice of this quiet and intelligent man who had a wide hearth and who knew what was going on. In a time close to his death, his fans essayed to sacrifice two camels to celebrate the cassette he released. The fact that he jumped in front of the camels to prevent them to be sacrificed shows his personality.

Kazancı Bedih, who recorded hundreds of local records during his musical life, started to record cassettes that were sold throughout Turkey in the year of 1988. First of all, he sang in the cassette named “Urfa Geceleri 3”, and then in “Urfa Geceleri 4” and “Urfa Geceleri 6” on behalf of the company Sim Kasetçilik in Urfa. Kazancı Bedih and his wife were poisoned to death because of the gas leakage from their catalytic stove while they were sleeping on 20th January 2004. Bedih, who was married twice, was the father of seven children.



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