Author, Turcologist (B. November 07, 1917, Petrograd / Russia- D. January 8, 2009, Strasbourg/ France). Her father is Azeri, and her mother is Russian. She had two different ethnic identities and she learned Azeri Turkish, Russian and English. She was taught in Paris where she leaned French; and Greek and Latin. German and Italian were added later.
She went to Paris Literature Faculty (Sorbonne). She has also attended Eastern languages National School, departments of Turkish and Persian. She completed her university education in 1954 with her work Düstûrnâme-yi Enverî . She concentrated on Turkology and Persian etudes. She took lessons from French Turcologist Jean Denny and from another Orientalist Cloude Cahen. She attended lessons of Dr. Adnan Adivar at eastern languages school and improved her Turkish.
She also worked on Russian literature and history, ıranian culture; but her focal point was Turkology. When her teacher Claud Cahen passed away in 1968; she was appointed as director of Strasbourg Turkish Studies Institute. This institute was established before, but she turned it into a prominent center of symposiums. The journal of Turcica that she started to publish in 1970 can be considered as the first Turkology journal at international level and in foreign languages; leaving aside the Türkiyat Mecmuası published by Fuad Köprülü in Istanbul.
She studied on Alawite-Bektashi culture and she wrote several articles on Ahmet Yesevi, Fazlullah Hurufi and Seyyid Nesimi and she had important work such as Uyur İdik Uyardılar, Hacı Bektaş: Efsaneden Gerçeğe, Türk Sufizmi’nin İzinde and Kırklar Sofrası. She has conducted several scientific meetings and raised numerous academics in France, Tunisia, Algeria, Iran and Turkey such as Ahmet Yaşar Ocak, Michel Balivet, Thierry Zarcone, Stephan de Tapia, Refet Yinanç, Erdal Yavuz. She was the President of Pre-Ottoman and Ottoman Education International Committee (CIEPO), Turcology Association Presidency, paris Language Association membership, Ernest Renan Association member. She received many honorary awards from Iran national Education Ministry (1973), Turkish Historical Institution Honorary Medal (1982), Mevlana Anniversary Honorary Medal 81982). Honorary doctorate was given to her from Baku and Selcuk universities.
Le Destan d'Umur Pacha (Umur Paşa destanı, 1954), Le Geste de Melik Danişmend (Danişmendname, 2 Volumes, 1960), Abu Muslim le "Porte-Hache" du Khorasân, dans la tradition pique Turco-İranienne (Türk-İran epik geleneğinde Horasan "Teberdar"ı Ebu Müslim, 1962), Kırklar Sofrası, Efsaneden Gerçeğe Hacı Bektaş, Melik Danişmend, Umur Paşa Destanı, Türk Sufizminin İzinde, Uyur İdik Uyardılar, Türk Sufiliği ve Destandan Efsaneye, Kırklar Sofrası.
REFERENCE: Büyük Larousse (v. 13, p. 7977, 1986), Türkiye Kültür ve Sanat 2010 Yıllığı (2010), Türk Kültürünün Büyük Araştırmacısı İrene Melikoff (turkocakları.com.tr, 23.4.2010), Iréne Melikoff Hakka yürüdü.. (alevi.dk, 23.4.2010), İhsan Işık / Resimli ve Metin Örnekli Türkiye Edebiyatçılar ve Kültür Adamları Ansiklopedisi (V. 12, 2015).