of hadith (B. July 21st, 810,
The book he wrote known as “Sahih-i
Buharî” later became the first book in the series called “Kütüb-i Sitte”. He was called as “İmâm”
since he was a scholar who knew more than 300,000 hadiths with their base; as
“Buharî” since he was from
Buharî who was born 178 years after the death of Hz. Muhammad, collected the hadiths by hearing from public and with his own research. Besides the Koran, he is known as the creator of the motto of the hadith (the rule, the base) within Islam with the works of hadith he had formed. According to his own testimony, Buharî learned the hadith information from more than one thousand teachers. It was stated he also knew the basis of the hadiths he received from his sheikhs and he didn’t give reputation to the narrations with poor basis.
Buharî collected the fatwas of the sahabe (T.N. who saw the prophet) and tabiin (T.N. who saw someone that knew the prophet) until the age of eighteen. He wrote his work "Tarîhü'l-Kebir" at the tomb of our Prophet. Other than Mecca and Medina, he traveled to the scientific centers of that period such as Baghdad, Basra, Kufa, Cairo, Nishapur, Balkh, Merv, Askalan, Dımeşk, Hums, Rey and learned hadith and other religious information from more than one thousand scholars of hadith. He wrote his works “Kitâbu Kadâya’s-Sahabe ve’t- Tâbiin” ile “et-Târîhü’l-Kebîr” when he was eighteen.
He went to
Even though Buharî shared his knowledge with
everyone who wanted to study this science, he stayed away from the statesmen
and accepted that going to their palaces humiliates the science and he would
bear all the difficulties for this purpose. When the governor of Khorasan Hâlid
b. Ahmed ez-Zühlî sent one of his men to him and notified that he had desired
to listen the “el-Câmi’us-sahîh”,
“et-Târihu’l-kebîr” and his other works from him he rejected this
request. He said that he couldn’t humiliate the science and could not
bring it to the others, if he really wanted he should have come to the mosque
or the house where he was reading the hadiths, if he didn’t want that too he
could ban reading hadiths. He also informed that he didn’t withhold the science
due to the hadith of Hz. Muhammad saying “the
gem of fire will be shot in the mouth of a person who avoids teaching what is
asked of him”. He also rejected the request of the governor of
His clerk Muhammed b. Ebû Hatim, whom Buharî loved and took care of as his own son, said that he had loved to shoot arrows and only two of the arrows had not hit the target from the ones he had shot for years and no one could have competed with him in this regard. The moral couplets of him, which are in some of the books, reflected his taste of poetry.
The appreciating expressions of the scientist who closely
knew Buharî gives an idea about his scientific character and authority. His
teachers Nuaym b. Hammâd and the hadith scholar Yakûb b. İbrahim ed-Devraki
said “Buharî is the scribe of this
nation”. Muhammed b. Beşşâr, one of the hodjas of
Câmiu’s-Sahih (“Sahîh-i Buharî “, it is accepted as the most precious book of the world after the Koran by the Muslims), Tarihu’l Kebir (It was published as four volumes in 1941-54 and three volumes in 1959-63 in Haydarabad), Târihu’l-Evsât, Tarihu's-Sagîr (A summary of Tarihu’l Kebir’), Et-Tarihu fi Ma’rifeti Ruvati’l-Hadîs ve Nükâti’l Âsâr ve’s Sünen ve Temyizü Sikatihim min Züafâihim ve Târihu Vefâtihim, Eet-Tevârîhu'l Ensâb, Kitâbu’l Künâ, Edebü’l-Müfred, Refu’l-Yedeyn fi’s-Salati, Kitâbu’l-Kiraati Halfe’l-imam, Hayrü’l Kelâm fi Kiraati Halfi’l (Published with the title “İmam” with its Urdu translation in 1299 in Delhi and in 1320 in Cairo), Halku’l-Ef’ali’l-ibâd ve’r-Redd Ale’l Cehmiyye (Published in 1306 in Delhi), El-Akîde yahut et-Tevhîd, Abarü’s Sifat (A work about hadith).
REFERENCE: Hüseyin K. Ece / Buharî (1985), Türkiye Diyanet Vakfı İslam Ansiklopedisi (1998), Dinler Tarihi Ansiklopedisi (1999) İhsan Işık / Ünlü Bilim Adamları (Türkiye Ünlüleri Ansiklopedisi, C. 2, 2013) - Encyclopedia of Turkey’s Famous People (2013) - Resimli ve Metin Örnekli Türkiye Edebiyatçılar ve Kültür Adamları Ansiklopedisi (C. 12, 2017).