Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoğlu

Roman Yazarı

08 Nisan, 1889
13 Aralık, 1974

Novelist (b. 27 March 1889, Cairo / Egypt – d. 13 December 1974, Ankara). He started his primary and elementary education at Fevziye Primary School in Manisa where he moved with his family when he was six years old and returned to Egypt and he completed his education at Freres Private French High School and Swiss School. He moved to İstanbul with his mother before a short time of the constitutional monarchy (1908). He discontinued İstanbul University, the Faculty of Law where he educated for a time. He joined the Dawn of the New Age Movement with the help of Şahabeddin Süleyman and he published his poems, short stories, plays and free verse in the reviews such as Muhit (1909), Şiir ve Tefekkür (1909), Servet-i Fünûn (1910-11) and Rübab, Peyam-ı Edebi. His first literary work (Nirvana-Nirvana) is a play of one act (Resimli Kitap, June 1909). He supported an art notion that depends on Greek and Latin sources with the influence of Yahya Kemal who had come back from Paris at those years. Meanwhile he was interested in Bektaşi sect. He wrote articles that support the National Struggle after he returned from Switzerland where he went for treatment (1916) in the reviews and newspapers such as İkdam, Dergâh, Türk Yurdu, Yeni Mecmua and Akşam. He came to Anatolia after the announcement of Republic and became deputy of Mardin (1923-31) and Manisa (1931-34). He married to Leman Hanım, the sister of Burhan Belge. He wrote for the newspapers Cımhuriyet (1923-25), Hakimiyet-i Milliye (1923-25) and Milliyet (1926-29) while he continued his novel works. He went to Switzerland for treatment for second time (1926).

He was one of the editors (Şevket Süreyya Aydemir, Vedat Nedim Tör, Burhan Asaf, İsmail Hüsrev Tökin) of the review Kadro that was published for the propaganda of new ideology and was the holder of privilege. He was appointed to Tiran (1934) as an ambassador with the claim the review Kadro told Kemalism with a Marxist way of explanations. The review Kadro was closed (1935) when its staff disbanded after a short time. Afterwards he served as an ambassador of the capital cities such as Prague (1935), the Hay (1939), Bern (1942, 1951-550) and Tahran (1955). He was appointed to the newspaper Ulus (old Hakimiyeti Milliye) as an editor after he retired same year. He became Manisa deputy for second time between 27 May 1961 and 1965. He resigned from the Republican People's Party on 14 October 1962 with the claim that party made concessions from the principles of Atatürk when he was Manisa deputy and editor of the newspaper Ulus. He was the chairman of the board of directors of Anadolu Agency. His funeral was brought from Ankara to İstanbul, Yahya Efendi Cemetery in Beşiktaş.

Yakup Kadri gave products at various fields including short story, play, free verse, memoir, essay, anecdote and monograph; he gained his popularity with the novels that he wrote after 1920. He proved that he is a great master of this field with his novels, include the historical events that Tanzimat and Republic era has lived and the social change with deep analysis and self-criticism. He came second at the 1942 Republican People’s Party Novel Awards with his the novel Yaban (The Wild) that is deemed his most important and famous work.


STORY: Bir Serencam (An Adventure, 1913), Rahmet (God’s Mercy, 1923), Millî Savaş Hikâyeleri (Stories of the National War, 1947).

NOVEL: Kiralık Konak (Mansion for Rent, 1922), Nur Baba (Father Nur, 1922), Hüküm Gecesi (Evening of Decree, 1927), Sodom ve Gomore (Sodom and Gomorra, 1928), Yaban (The Wild, 1932), Ankara (Ankara, 1934), Bir Sürgün (An Exile, 1937), Panorama (Panorama, 2 volumes, 1953), Hep O Şarkı (It Is All That Song, 1956).

free verse: Erenlerin Bağından (From the Garden of Saints, 1922), Okun Ucundan (From the Tip of Arrow, 1940).

MONOGRAPHY: Ahmet Haşim (Ahmet Haşim, 1934), Atatürk (Atatürk, 1946).

MEMOIRS: Zoraki Diplomat (Forced Diplomat, 1955), Anamın Kitabı (My Mother’s Book, childhood memoirs, 1957), Vatan Yolunda (On the Way to the Country, 1958), Politikada 45 yıl (45 Years in Politics, 1968), Gençlik ve Edebiyat Hatıraları (Childhood and Literature Memoirs, 1969).

ARTICLE: Kadınlık ve Kadınlarımız (Womanhood and Our Women, 1923), Ergenokon (Ergenekon, 2 volumes, 1929).

PLAY: Nirvana (Nirvana, illustrated book, p. 9, 1909), Veda (Farewell, illustrated book, p. 11, 1909), Sağanak (The Downpour, original manuscript at the İstanbul City Theatere Library), Mağara (The Cave, Varlık, p. 12-17, 1934).

His all works were published by Atilla Özkırımlı from the Birikim Publications.


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