Statesman and politician.
He was born on the 28th of July 1938 in
Baykal was known as a
social democrat within the student movements and during the period of his
academic membership in Faculty of Political Science. The first proposition for
active politics came to him from Bülent Ecevit, Leader of CHP after İsmet
İnönü. He entered CHP in the year when he became an associate professor (1968) and started his political career. After 1971 he wrote articles in Özgür İnsan magazine published by Ecevit
defending financial and economic opinions in the direction of central left policy. He
was elected as a parliament member from
Deniz Baykal in the
following years became a Minister of Foreign Affairs and a Vice Prime Minister
in the coalition governments his party was part of. After the military coup of
12 September 1980 he was taken into custody for a while and was removed from
politics for five years. He was again taken into custody in
In 1990 he resigned from general secretary. After CHP was reopened he left SHP and passed to CHP. He was elected as the Party Leader on the 9th of September 1992. In the congress on the 18th of February 1995 about integration of SHP and CHP he did not stand as a candidate and resigned from Party Leadership.
Baykal was reelected to Party Leadership after both parties were integrated under the roof of CHP on the 9th of September 1995. He became a Vice Prime Minister and Foreign Minister in the coalition government established on the 30th of October 1995 by DYP-CHP. Due to the 53rd Governmental Congress he resigned from these duties. He was reelected as a Party Leader during the Ordinary CHP Congress on the 23-24th of May 1998. However since his party could not pass the limit in the 18 April 1999 elections and was out of the Assembly, he resigned from CHP Party Leadership he continued between 1992-99 by his own will. Altan Öymen who was elected in his place lost the election after Baykal again stood as a candidate in the 11th Extraordinary Congress on the 1st of October 2000.
CHP under his leadership received 19.4% of total
votes in the general elections of 3 November 2002 and acquired 177
chairs in the parliament. It became with this result the second and opposition
party. Baykal with this election again entered the Assembly as a Parliament
Deniz Baykal was again elected as a party leader in the 32nd CHP Ordinary Congress of 26 April 2008. He deactivated his opponents within the party and moved towards a new policy he called “Anadolu Solu” (T.N “Anatolian Left”) which was far from former leftist policies. While continuing on this line, he had to retreat after a political accident. He declared his resignation on the 10th of May 2010 after a tape scandal broadcast on the internet.
Deniz Baykal’s articles in the field of political science were published in various newspapers nd magazines. Some of his opinions were collected in the book titled CHP ve Anadolu Solu (interview, pub. ed. by Ahmet Hakan Coşkun, 2001). Apart from these, he is the author of a research titled Siyasal Katılma (1970) and school books.