pharmacist, astronomer, mathematician, poet (Born? Antakya – Death 1599, Mecca).
His full name is Dâvûd b. Ömer el-Ekmeh ed-Darîr el-Antakî. Since he was born
Davûd was a
disabled child who could not move until the age of seven. His nurse brought him
every day to the guesthouse built by his father. Dâvûd who stayed here until
nights with scholars coming by, learnt numerous things from them and memorized
the Holy Koran in those years. Muhammed Şerif who was a Persian medicine
scholar came to
Davud-i Antakî owes his success at science to his
education in the abovementioned guesthouse which was built by his father and
which was a real scientific environment with its guests. Especially his father
made great effort so that he could become a scholar and took care of him with
compassion. He studied both Islamic and Physical Sciences. When he went from Antakya
the departure of Muhammed Şerif from Antakya and the death of his father went
on a trip. When he was in
Davudi Antakî gave the following warning about medical science and profession which became one of the major problems of nowadays and which should concern all physicians:
“It is necessary to appreciate and respect this science extremely and to be modest towards its scholars. One should make effort to spread it. But there is an important issue; which is, not leaving this science to rascals, egoists and blackguards. People who are not studious, beneficient and idealistic should be kept away from this science. In case this is not done, not only immorality and corruption will come into being, but also death of numerous patients.”
Davud-I Antâkî used herbs, animals and all kinds of chemical material in the field of pharmacy. He made great discoveries and it is stated that he was a sensitive personage. He was a valuable physician, pharmacist, astronomer, mathematician, and in the same time a thinker and a poet who possessed a remarkable general knowledge.
Antakî wrote numerous books and booklets about especially medicine and also kalâm, logics, philosophy, algebra and astronomy. His most famous work is “Tezkiret-ül-Elbabvel-Camialil-Ucub-il-Uccab” which is also known as “Tezkire-I Dâvûd” or “Tezkire-I Antakî”. In the foreword of this work the importance, necessity and study methods of medical science are explained. The first part is a general introduction to medicine, the second and third parts are about single and complex drugs (el-müfredât ve’l-mürekkebât). The fourth part contains information about the etiology and treatment methods of diseases due to their nature. The last part contains information on numerous fields such as astrology, astronomy, geometry and phylactery, aside from various issues related to medicine.
His work titled “Nüzhet-ül-Ezhan fi Islah-il-Ebdan” consists of an introduction, seven chapters and a conclusion part. The first chapter is about natural incidents, the second about human anatomy, the third about etiology of diseases, the fourth about the particularities of the human external structure, the fifth about recommendations concerning health, the sixth about details of diseases and the seventh about bodily diseases.
His work “En-Nüzhet-ül Mübehhece fi Teşhis-il-Ezhanve Ta’dil-il-Emzice”is written on diagnostics and treatment methods of internal and external diseases. Risalefil-Fasdivel-Hacamat concerns bloodletting and phlebotomy.
His work titled Tezyinul-esvâk bi-taişîli Eşvâki'l-uşşak is a review on love which takes the famous Koran interpreter scholar Bikâî's work Eşvâku'l-Uşşâk as basis and contains his poetry.
Tezkiret-ül-Elbabvel-Camialil-Ucub-il-Uccab, Risalefil-Fasdivel-Hacamat, Nüzhet-ül-Ezhan fi Islah-il-Ebdan, En-Nüzhet-ülMübehhece fi Teşhis-il-Ezhanve Ta’dil-il-Emzice, Tezyinul-esvâk bi-taişîliEşvâki'l-uşşak, Mecma'u'l-fevâ’id-i'l-bedeniyye, Risâlemuhtasarafi'l-cebr, Unmûzec-i ilmi'1-eflâk, Risâlefi't-tayrve'l-ukâb, Risâlefi'l-hey’e, el-Keşfani'l-müş- kilât, Nazm-ıKânûnçek (Interpretation written by him to Avicenna’s el-Kânûn), Kifâ- yâtü'l-muhtâc fi cilmi‘l- Cilâc, Gaye- tü'l-merâmfi'l-manpkve'l-kelâm, Eltiyefi't-Tıb.
KAYNAKÇA: Dr. Adnan Adıvar / Osmanlı Türklerinde İlim (s. 117-119, 1943), Bedi N. Şehsuvaroğlu / Eczacılık Tarihi Dersleri (s. 159, 1970), Küçük Türk İslâm Ansiklopedisi, (s. 125-126, 1978), Ayşegül Demirhan Erdemir / Kısa Tıp Tarihi (s. Bursa 1982) - “Dâvûd b. Ömer el-Ekmeh ed-Darîr el-Antâkî” (Türkiye Diyanet Vakfı İslam Ansiklopedisi, c. 9, s. 26-27, 1992), İhsan Işık / Ünlü Bilim Adamları (Türkiye Ünlüleri Ansiklopedisi, C. 2, 2013) - Encyclopedia of Turkey’s Famous People (2013).