Historian (b. 18 December 1925, İstanbul - 1 August 2001, İstanbul). He graduated from Haydarpaşa High School (1943) and İstanbul University, Faculty of Literature, Department of History (1948). After working in İstanbul Office of Archive of Prime Ministry (1949-51), he worked as history teacher in Mardin High School (1952-54), then he was sent to the United States by scholarship (1955)
After returning to Turkey in the same year and working as teacher in Ankara, he went to German for PhD passing the examination (1957). In 1962, he completed his PhD and was appointed as assistant to the Chair of History of Institutions and Civilizations of Ottomans. He became assistant professor in 1962, professor in Hacettepe University, Faculty of Social and Administrative Sciences that he transferred in 1973. After working as lecturer in İstanbul University, Faculty of Literature between 1977 and 1982, he became the General Director of Archive of Prime Ministry in 1979. Then he served as the director of Boğaziçi University, Atatürk Institute for Modern Turkish History (1982-83), as the lecturer in the Departments of History of İnönü University, Faculty of Science.
After retirement, he continued serving in Uludağ University, Department of History (1992-2001) and Gebze High Institute of Technology, Department of National Security and Strategy (2000-01). His 200 articles were published in the reviews Belleten, Tarih Dergisi, GüneyDoğu Avrupa Araştırmaları, Türk Kültürü, Tarih Enstitüsü, Osmanlı Araştırmaları and in the collobrative studies.
XVI.Yüzyılda Mardin Sancağı (Mardin Governence in XVI. Century, 1969), Osmanlı İmparatorluğu Hakkında Bazı Düşünceler (Some Opinions about Ottoman Empire, 1973), Osmanlı İdaresinde Ermeniler (Armenians under Ottoman Governance, 1983), Atatürk ve Millî Mücadele (Atatürk and National Struggle, 1984), Cumhuriyet Türkiyesi ve Doğu Anadolu (Turkey of Republic and East Anatolia, 1985), Malatya'dan Görüş (Remarks from Malatya, 1985), Land an der Grenze. Osmanische Verwaltung im heutigen Türkish Syrsisch-Irakischen Grenzgebiet im 16 Jahrhundert (Country at the Edge, Ottoman Administration in the Today's Turkish Syrian-Iraqian Border in 16th Century, with W.Dieter Hüteroth, 1997), Türkiye Devleti'nden Türkiye Cum–huriyeti'ne (From Turkish State to Turkish Republic, 1999).
REFERENCE: İhsan Işık / Resimli ve Metin Örnekli Türkiye Edebiyatçılar ve Kültür Adamları Ansiklopedisi (2006, 2007).