Süleyman Paşa

Asker, Tarihçi, Şair

Military Academy
Diğer İsimler
Süleyman Hüsnî Paşa, Hüsnî

Military man and writer (b. 1838, İstanbul – d. 1892, Baghdad). He graduated from the Military Academy (1859) and served in Yenipazar (Bosnia), Herzegovina and Shkodra. Due to his success in crushing the Crete Rebellion (1867), he was promoted to lieutenant colonel, appointed as Director of Literature at the Military Academy, promoted to brigadier general and appointed as the Minister of Military Schools (1873). He left İstanbul on his appointment as the Commander of Bosnia-Herzegovina with the title of marshal by Abdülhamit II, who had taken into consideration his important role in the dethroning of Sultan Abdulaziz. During his duty, he crushed the Montenegro Rebellion and defeated the Russian army in Şıpka. However, in the Ottoman-Russian War, in which he served as the Commander-in-Chief of the Danube and Balkan Armies, the Ottoman Army was defeated.

He stood trial on the demand of Abdülhamid II and was charged because of his responsibility for the defeat. He was demoted and he lived for fourteen years in Baghdad, to where he had been exiled (1878) and died there. In the Tanzimat Period, Süleyman Paşa defended Turkism against Ottomanism and gave his view in the areas of history and language. An extensive commentary on his life and his trial are in the work, Süleyman Paşa'nın Muhakemesi (The Trial of Süleyman Paşa, 1912) that his son wrote.


Mebâniü'l-İnşa (Literature Knowledge, 2 volumes, 1874), Tarih-i Âlem (World History, from the first Humans to Islam, 1874), İlm-i Sarf-ı Türkî (Turkish Grammar, 1875), Umdetü'l-Hakâyık (Basis of the Truth, The Ottoman-Russian War, 6 volumes, 1828), Hisse-i İnkılab (Lessons from Revolution, the Dethroning of Abdulaziz, 1908).


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