He is a scholar in Islam,
the chief religious official in Ottoman (B. 1410, Ergani /
Molla Güranî rose to fame in discussions made before
the Mameluke government officials when he went to
Sultan liked Molla Güranî’s uncompromising stance on scientific issues. He was appointed to be the teacher of Prince Mehmed’s, Fatih Sultan Mehmet, and Sultan implied even to beat the prince if necessary. But it was never needed. Prince loved and had great respect for his teacher without fail. Thanks to him, in a short time he read the Koran through and had knowledge of many areas. On hearing that his son read the Koran through, Murad II presented Molla Güranî with large amount of goods and money.
II came to the throne, he wanted to make Molla Güranî his vizier (minister). Güranî
didn’t accept that proposal by saying, there were a lot of precious people
working hard and waiting for that position and if he were the minister such
appointment would discourage them, thus bring more harm than good. But he became
a military judge, lecturer and kadi (T.N. Muslim judge) of
Molla Güranî was a tall, bushy-bearded, solemn and imposing-looking. He didn’t go to the palace very often and did call viziers with their names. On a festival day, when the Sultan invited him to the palace, he didn’t want to go because of the mud, as his excuse. Sultan said that his coming to palace would be a festival itself for them and let him go inside until the stoop of the palace on a horse back.
Molla Güranî was a religious scholar in Islam who
lectured Fatih Sultan Mehmet, had important duties as the military judge,
Shaykh al-Islam and kadi and had a great impact on Islamic philosophers. This
Islamic scholar, whose name was given mainly to
After having served as Shaykh al-İslam for
eight years, he fell sick. He had a bed prepared for himself in his mansion in
Molla Güranî never gave importance to secular
goods, but he encouraged the youth to improve. Hence, as time passed by he gave
up lecturing and was busy with just raising students with his own methods in
his simple lodge. He especially gave a lot of attention to reading. He died in
the afternoon time during the winter in 1488. Bayezid II himself performed a
funeral prayer for him in the funeral and paid his due debts. But nobody had
the courage to pull his legs. He was put into his grave after being carried on
a straw. His tomb is in front of the mosque he made to be built in the
Fındıkzade town, between Aksaray and Topkapı. In Arabic resources, he is
referred as “The scholar of
Gâyet-ül-Emânî fî Tefsîr-i Seb’il-Mesânî (interpretation), El-Kevser-ül-Cârî alâ Riyâd-il-Buhârî (the explanation he wrote for Sahîh-i Buhârî), Şâtıbiyye Kasîdesi (an annotation about the city Ca’berî), Keşf-ül-Esrâr an Kırâat-il-Eimmet-il-Ahyâr, Şerh-i Cem'ul-Cevâmi (on the method of fiqh), Levâidi’l-Dürer.
KAYNAKÇA: Arifi Paşa / Seyahatname (1891), Bursalı Mehmet Tahir / Osmanlı Müellifleri (c.2, s.1, 1972), Doç. Dr. Sakıp Yıldız / Fatih’in Hocası Molla Gûrâni ve Tefsiri (1987), Türkiye Diyanet Vakfı İslâm Ansiklopedisi (1988), Müslüm Üzülmez / Çayönü'nden Ergani'ye Uzun Bir Yürüyüş (2005, s. 255), İhsan Işık / "Ünlü Bilim Adamları" (Türkiye Ünlüleri Ansiklopedisi, 2013) - Encyclopedia of Turkey’s Famous People (2013) - Diyarbakır Ansiklopedisi (2013) - Geçmişten Günümüze Diyarbakırlı İlim Adamları Yazarlar ve Sanatçılar (2014).