Poet and writer (b. 25 February 1907, Eğridere / Gümülcine / Ottoman Empire (Ardino / Bulgaria) - d. 2 April 1948, Kırklareli). He attended Edremit Primary School (1921) and graduated from İstanbul Primary Teacher Training School (1927). After serving as a classroom teacher in Yozgat for a short period of time, he was transferred to Germany and stayed there for two years (1928-30). Upon his return to Turkey, he taught German in Aydın and Konya secondary schools (1930-32). Because of his political ideas and satires, he was imprisoned for three months and one year in Aydın and Konya respectively. He also served time in Konya and Sinop prisons. On the tenth anniversary of the Turkish Republic, he was pardoned (1933) and then he worked as a civil servant at the Ministry of National Education, Publication Directorate as a translator and as a dramatist at Ankara State Conservatory. Because he was removed from his post due to his articles (1945), he worked as journalist in İstanbul. He published the humor review Marko Paşa with Aziz Nesin (1946). He was again imprisoned for three months due to his articles in 1947. While he was planning to escape to Bulgaria in 1948, he was killed by the person who agreed to smuggle him abroad. Where his grave is located is unknown.
His first poems and stories were published in the reviews Çağlayan (Balıkesir, 1926) and Resimli Ay (1930). He was mostly known for his stories on the topics of life in towns and villages. His novel Kuyucaklı Yusuf (Yusuf from Kuyucak) is regarded as “one of the most successful representations of the genre in Turkish literature” (Atilla Özkırımlı). In addition, he did translations. The Sabahattin Ali Story Contest has been organized in his name since 1980. All his works were published again in a series by Bilgi and Cem publishing houses, and later published by Yapı Kredi Publications.
POETRY: Dağlar ve Rüzgâr (Mountains and Wind, 1934), Dağlar ve Rüzgar-Kurbağaların Serenadı-Öteki Şiirler (Mountains and Wind- Serenade of the Frogs- Other Poems, 1988), Bütün Şiirleri / Sabahattin Ali (All Poems/ Sabahattin Ali, 1999).
SHORT STORY: Değirmen (The Mill, 1935, with “Mountains and Wind”, 1965), Kağnı (Oxcart, 1936), Ses (Sound, 1937), Yeni Dünya (New World, 1943), Sırça Köşk (The Glass House, 1947), Çakıcı'nın İlk Kurşunu (The First Bullet of Çakıcı, Tereke - Heritage by Nüket Esen, Zeynep Uysal, Engin Kılıç and Olcay Akyıldız; stories, poems and collected articles of Sabahattin Ali, 2002), Bütün Öyküler I, Bütün Öyküler II (All Stories I, All Stories II)..
NOVEL: Kuyucaklı Yusuf (Yusuf from Kuyucak, 1937), İçimizdeki Şeytan (The Evil inside Us, 1940), Kürk Mantolu Madonna (Madonna in the Fur Coat, 1943), Bütün Romanları (All Novels, one volume, 2004).
PLAY: Esirler (The Captives, 1936), Bütün Oyunları 1 (All Plays I, 2001), Bütün Oyunları 2 (All Plays II, with “The New World” and “The Glass House”, with the play “The Captives”, 2002).
ESSAY: Markopaşa Yazıları ve Ötekiler (Marco Paşa Articles and the Others, 1998, compiled by Hikmet Altınkaynak).
In addition, he translated from English.
All his works were reprinted firstly by Bilgi Publications, secondly by Cem Publications and lastly by Yapı Kredi Publications.
REFERENCE: Demir Özlü / Bir Önsöz Üzerine (Yeni Dergi, Şubat 1966) – Yeni Dergi (Temmuz 1966), Vedat Günyol / Dile Gelseler (1966), Kemal Sülker / Sabahattin Ali Dosyası (1968), Mustafa Kutlu / Sabahattin Ali (1972), İhsan Işık / Yazarlar Sözlüğü (1990, 1998) - Türkiye Yazarlar Ansiklopedisi (2001, 2004) – Encyclopedia of Turkish Authors (2005) - Resimli ve Metin Örnekli Türkiye Edebiyatçılar ve Kültür Adamları Ansiklopedisi (2006, gen. 2. bas. 2007) - Ünlü Edebiyatçılar (Türkiye Ünlüleri Ansiklopedisi, C. 4, 2013) - Encyclopedia of Turkey’s Famous People (2013), Muzaffer Uyguner / Sabahattin Ali (1992), (1993), Behçet Necatigil / Edebiyatımızda İsimler Sözlüğü (18. bas. 1999), Şükran Kurdakul / Şairler ve Yazarlar Sözlüğü (gen. 6. bas. 1999), Feridun Andaç / Edebiyatımızın Yol Haritası (2000), Necip Tosun / Bozuk Düzen Sömürü Despotizm Gölgesinde İnsanlık Manzaraları: Sabahattin Ali Öyküsü (Heceöykü, Ağustos-Eylül 2004).