First Ottoman Chief Physician, author (B. 1432, Kastamonu – D.1524, Cairo). According to some sources his name is Ahmed, Mehmed and Mahmud. However he is rather known as AhîÇelebi. His father Physician ŞirvanîMevlânaKemaleddinBey, originally comes from Tabriz. While he was serving Candaroğlu İsmail Bey in Kastamonu, this principality was captured by Fatih Sultan Mehmed (1461) and İsmail Bey was granted a place in Rumeli, so he settled to Istanbul. He worked in a clinic he opened in Mahmut Pasha. AhîÇelebi received his first knowledge of medicine from his father. After the death of his father he took lectures from the great physicians of that period Kutbüddin and Altunizâde. He improved in a short time and was assigned to Fatih Hospital first as a physician and later as a chief physician.
AhîÇelebi is a physician who lived during the periods of Fatih Sultan Mehmed, Beyazıt II, YavuzSelim and KanunîSüleyman and served twice as thechief physician. During the rule of Beyazıt II, he won the ruler’s favor and was appointed as the chief cook and later chief physician. He stayed in this position for 4, 5 years. Upon the death of Sultan Beyazıt he was dismissed from his duty according to the tradition. After a while YavuzSelim appointed him chief physician again and took him to his Egypt expedition. After the death of Yavuz he was again dismissed from his position (8 October 1520). According to sources, although he was older than 90 years old, he passed away in Cairo while returning from pilgrimage and he was inhumed near to İmam Shafii’s grave.
Ahî Çelebi’s most important work is “Risâle-ihasâtü’i-kilyeve’l-mesâne” he wrote during the sultanate of Beyazıt II in Turkish language and which consists of ten chapters concerning kidneys and bladder stones. This work, which has various manuscripts in Istanbul libraries, was analyzed by ÂkilMuhtarÖzden in an article written about it and SaimErkun published it in Turkish and English (Istanbul 1948). Besidesthis, AhîÇelebi has a Persian work titled “el-Fevâdü’s-sultâniyyefi’l-kavâcidi’t-tıbbiyye” and two Turkish works titled “Risale’û’t-tıb” and “Mesnevlü’t-tıb”. MehmedTâhir of Bursa wrote that he translated a work of AhîÇelebi titled “İbnü’n-Nefîs’inMûcez” into Turkish but this claim is debated.
AhîÇelebi had a great fortune, which consisted of more than 40 villages in Çorlu, Edirne, Hayrabolu and Şile, a public bath in Istanbul and numerous storehouses, and were inherited from his father or acquired by him. He donated this wealth to a madrasah and a school he built in Edirne and a mosque known as KanlıFırın Mosque he built in Istanbul atYemiş Seaport. Besides he bequeathed that the extra income of his foundations was sent to the poor of Medina. Today a neighborhood in Istanbul, a region in Edirne (in the southeast of Balkan Peninsula, between Rodop Mountains) and a flatland in Bulgaria are named after Ahî Çelebi.AhiÇelebi Mosque is located in Istanbul Eminönü, on the Haliç shore and aside Istanbul Commercial University. The mosque whose architect is unknown and which is assumed to be built by Architect Sinan is especially important because it is the mosque in which EvliyaÇelebi had his famous dream.
REFERENCE: M. Tayyib Gökbilgin / XV-XVI. Asırlarda Edirne ve Paşa Livası (s. 488-489, 1952), Veli Behçet Kurdoğlu / Şair Tabibler (s. 81-85, İstanbul 1967), Câhid Baltacı / XV-XVI. Asırlarda Osmanlı Medreseleri (s. 72-73, 1976), A. Adnan Adıvar / Osmanlı Türklerinde İlim (s. 66-67, 1982), Bedi N. Şehsuvaroğlu / Türk Tıp Tarihi (ortak kitap, s. 51-52, 1984), İstanbul Kültür ve Sanat Ansiklopedisi / “Ahî Çelebi” (s. 340-342, 1982), Büyük Larousse Sözlük ve Ansiklopedisi (1986), Ali Haydar Bayat / TDV İslam Ansiklopedisi, c. 1, s. 528-529), İhsan Işık / Ünlü Bilim Adamları (Türkiye Ünlüleri Ansiklopedisi, C. 2, 2013) - Encyclopedia of Turkey’s Famous People (2013).