Mahmud Celaleddin Paşa (Besteci)

Müzisyen, Devlet Adamı, Hattat, Şair

18 Ocak, 1899
Diğer İsimler

Statesman, callighraphist, composer, poet (B. 1839, Vefa/ Istanbul D. January 18, 1899, Istanbul). He used the pseudonym Celal in his works. His grandfather is Kadi-ul-Asker Ziya Bey and his father is Mehmed Aziz Bey, one of Istanbul provincial treasurers. He was the only male child of Çorluluzade family, so his education was very important for the family. He was educated in Bayezid Secondary School and in Darulmaarif. He learned Arabic from Sakir Efendi, and French from foreign teachers. He started to work as a public servant at Parliament Mandate Room; and he worked in Sadaret mektubi Office. He went to Crete with Ali Pasa in 1867; he became Mühürdar * with his hard-work and tidiness. He left Bab-ı Ali after Abdulhamid became the Sultan. He became the Order Office Chairman at State Council. He also taught international law to the officers in Prime Ministry. He took important positions in the state when he was only thirty years old. After the death of Ali Pasha, he was removed from his duty during the reign of Mahmud Nedim Pasha. He returned to his position during Yusuf Kamil Pasa Period and he went to Egypt; he became a Vizier when he was forty-two years old. He was assigned to end the upheavals in Crete and Sesame; so he went to Crete for second time. He established the order on the island and returned to Istanbul. He became the Finance Minister in 1887, but was dismissed seven months later. He became the governor to Crete in 1889 and during the revolt; he got wounded from head by the gunshot when rebels attempt to assassinate him. He returned to Istanbul on a private ship and never went back to the island again. In 1891, he became the Minister of Trade and Public Works and he was the Governor of Bursa for a while. He became the Minister of Public Works for the last time in 1897 in the cabinet of Halil Rifat Pasha and remained in this post until his death. He was buried in Yahya Efendi Mausoleum garden in Besiktaş.

Mahmud Celalledin Pasha was married twice. His first marriage was at the age of eighteen and Salih Munir Pasha was born, who then became an ambassador. He had six boys and a girl from his second wife, Leyla Hanım; who is originally from Crimea and was educated in France. Leyla Hanım passed away in 1922. Among his sons are Ziya Bey, Aziz Esenbel, Atıf Esenbel; and Melih Esenbel are his grandson who was a former ambassador; Vildan Hanim is his daughter. He is known as a kind, compassionate, handsome, and charitable, antiquity collector, owner of a rich library, cultured, modernist, religious, art-lover. He was engaged in calligraphy and he was an expert in rik'a style of writing.

He learned music from important musician Dellalzade Ismail Efendi; and established a rich repertoire by time. He has also advanced his information with his personal studies. He guarded several artists during his time such as Tanbûri Cemil Bey, Kemençeci Vasilâki, Lemi Atlı. His voice was very nice and his style was clean. In certain days of the week, his mansion was full with artists, and worked as a conservatory. He was mostly interested in Turkish music; but he was also engaged in Western music and tried to recognize that area as well. He is an important composer of 19th century. Most of the lyrics in his works also belonged to him. The impacts of Haci Arif Bey and Şevki Bey can be seen on his compositions. His poems that he wrote as songs were also composed by other composers. 


Mir’at-i Hakikat (tarih, 1893), Ravzatü’l-Kâmilîn (Şefiknâme’nin şerhi), Girit Tarihi, Şiir ve Şarkılar (2 volumes). His work called Mecmûa-i Eş’ârı has not been published.

REFERENCE:  İbrahim Alâettin Gövsa / Türk Meşhurları Ansiklopedisi (1946), Vural Sözer / Müzik ve Müzisyenler Ansiklopedisi (1964), Bursalı Mehmed Tahir / Osmanlı Müellifleri II (1972), Yurt Ansiklopedisi (6. cilt, 1984), Mehmet Turan Yarar / Doruktan Doruğa - Güfte Şairleri (1992), Sadun Aksüt / Türk Musikisinin 100 Bestekârı (1993), İbnülemin Mahmud Kemal İnal / Son Asır Türk Şairleri (c. 1, 1999), İhsan Işık / Türkiye Yazarlar Ansiklopedisi (2001, 2004) – Encyclopedia of Turkish Authors (2005) - Resimli ve Metin Örnekli Türkiye Edebiyatçılar ve Kültür Adamları Ansiklopedisi (2006, gen. 2. bas. 2007), Nuri Özcan / TDV İslâm Ansiklopedisi (c. 27, 2003), İhsan Işık / Resimli ve Metin Örnekli Türkiye Edebiyatçılar ve Kültür Adamları Ansiklopedisi (2. bas., 2009).




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