Macit Rıza Erbudak

Haritacı, Astronomi Bilgini, Profesör, Fizikçi

Doğum
15 Mayıs, 1912
Ölüm
23 Nisan, 1981
Eğitim
Istanbul University Faculty of Science Department of Mathematics
Burç
Diğer İsimler
Macit Erbudak

Cartographer (B. 15 May 1912, Istanbul – D. 23 April 1981, Istanbul). He is the son of Ali Rıza Bey, a quartermaster. During the 1st World War he moved to Damascus from Istanbul with his family. Upon the death of his father in 1916 and capture of Damascus by the English troops, he and his mother went to his uncle who lived as an immigrant in Egypt. After studying for two years in Tanta, upon the unexpected death of his uncle, he returned to Damascus, to his sister and her husband. He completed his primary education in 1925 in a  model primary school of Muhacirin quarter, whose director was a Christian Arab. He completed Amber High School in 1931 with an education of two languages, Arabic and French.

Macit Rıza was not contented with going to France on behalf of Syrian Government as a scholarship student and was arrested with students who participated to Syria Liberation Movement. He was released on probation and returned to Istanbul.

Erbudak graduated from Istanbul University, Faculty of Science Department of Mathematics in 1935. Cahit Arf and Ratip Berker were his close school friends. He won the exam organized by Sümerbank and was sent to Germany in order to have a topographical engineering education in Berlin. He completed Berlin Engineering Higher School in 1940. His teacher who was the Director of Potsdam Geodesy Institute, Prof. Schmehl, received a special permission from his government and led Erbudak to a PhD. However when he was about to start his PhD, he was called to homeland and started to work in 1940 in Cartography General Directorate. He completed his military service of 3 years in General Directorate of Cartography.

Macit Rıza Erbudak served to prepare the basic regulations, conduct balancing calculations of horizontal control in Western Anatolia, observation works of Bolu 1st degree network and for some time in Malaria Control Association of Health Ministry. After a long expectation in 1945 he entered cartography service of the bank of provinces as a public officer. He was the only topography engineer in cartography service of the bank. In 1947 he was assigned to General Directorate of Land Registers and served there until 1959. He contributed to the establishment of the faculty, which would raise engineers for land registration in 1949, and topography and cadaster in 1950. Thus, he added teaching to his duty of inspection.

He was one of the founders of İTÜ Cartography-Cadaster Faculty and became associate professor, professor and dean in this faculty. In 1955 invited by the Swiss Government he worked in Bern, Basel, Lugano and Zurich for four months. In 1962 invited by the German Government he stayed in Frankfurt for one and half month and in 1966 invited by Zeiss Jena and Agfa factories in Jena and Stockholm for one month.

He was very cultivated, had a spiritual and intellectual finesse and a broad tolerance. He could therefore share people’s sufferings and sadness in their hard times. All the time he either wrote or read. He dedicated himself to the way he believed in. He was scared of retiring, and this fear was similar to fear of death.

Prof. Macit Rıza Erbudak who wrote articles about cartography in journals and newspapers is the founder of cartography profession in Turkey, its teacher and leading applier. After his death the street in Istanbul / Kadıköy he lived in was given the name "Prof. Macit Erbudak". Turkish Scientific and Technical Research Institute also gave him outstanding service award. 

MAIN WORKS:

Fiziksel Geodezi (1976), Geodezik Astronomi (1976).

REFERENCE: Prof. Macit Rıza Erbudak’ı Kaybettik (Milliyet, 29 Nisan 1981), İhsan Işık / Ünlü Bilim Adamları (Türkiye Ünlüleri Ansiklopedisi, C. 2, 2013) - Encyclopedia of Turkey’s Famous People (2013).

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