Sociologist and politician (b. 1877, İstanbul – d. 1948, Neuchautel / Switzerland). He was the son of Seniha Sultan, the daughter of Sultan Abdulmecid who was the sister of Abdulmecid II and Damat Mahmut Celaleddin Paşa and he grew up attending private lessons. When Mahmut Celaleddin Paşa criticized Abdulmecid’s rule, he fell from favor and under pressure, fled to Paris in 1899 taking his children Sabahattin and Lütfullah.
Sabahattin had connections with politicians and sociologists in Paris. He brought together Turkish intellectuals who campaigned abroad for the declaration of a constitutional monarchy at the “Young Turk” congresses; the first in 1902 and the second in 1907. He founded the Private Initiative Association and the Decentralization Association. Publishing the review Terakki, he defended decentralization and private initiative in the economy.
Using the power that emerged from the congresses, which he had assembled, he founded the Party of Ottoman Liberals. After the end of the administration of the Committee of Union and Progress and the defeat in World War I, he returned to Turkey and continued working. Afterwards, he lived in extremely difficult conditions first in Paris then in Sweden where he died in 1948. His body was brought back to Turkey and buried alongside his father’s grave in Eyüp cemetery.
İttihat ve Terakki Cemiyetine Açık Mektuplar – Mesleğimiz Hakkında Üçüncü ve Son Bir İzah (Open Letters to the Committee of Union and Progress – The Third and the Last Explanation on Our Work, 1327-11).
REFERENCE: Cavit Orhan Tütengil / Prens Sabahattin (1954), Ziyaeddin Fahri Fındıkoğlu / Prens Sabahattin (1962), Cemal Kutay / Prens Sabahattin Bey - Sultan II. Abdülhamit ve Terakki (1964), Türkiye Ansiklopedisi (c. 4, s. 1186, 1974), Peyami Safa / Objektif: 6- Yazarlar Sanatçılar Meşhurlar (1976), Nezahet Nurettin Ege / Ziraat Âleminde Büyük Terakkiler (Önsöz, 1980), Mehmet Nuri Yardım / Edebiyatımızın Güleryüzü (2002), İhsan Işık / Resimli ve Metin Örnekli Türkiye Edebiyatçılar ve Kültür Adamları Ansiklopedisi (2006, gen. 2. bas. 2007) - Ünlü Fikir ve Kültür Adamları (Türkiye Ünlüleri Ansiklopedisi, C. 3, 2013) - Encyclopedia of Turkey’s Famous People (2013).