Historian (b. İstanbul, d. 1920, Kocaeli). He is a graduate of Kadıköy Saint Joseph High School and Istanbul University, Faculty of Literature, Department of History (1948). In 1949 he was appointed as assistant to the Chair of Recent History in the same faculty. He completed his doctorate in 1953. He was sent to Germany for one and a half years (1954-56). He became an associate professor in 1957. He participated in the seminars of Professor Bernard Lewis for 6 months at the School of Eastern and African Studies at London University in 1958. He was appointed as a history professor at the Department of Islamic Studies at Toronto University in Canada in 1967. After he returned to Turkey in 1970, he became a history professor at Hacettepe University.
He worked as the Dean of the Social and Management Sciences Faculty in the same university. In 1983 when he was Head of the History Department in the Literature Faculty at Hacettepe University and Director of the Atatürk Principles Reform History Institute he retired. In 1963 he was elected to the membership of the Turkish Culture Research Institute and in 1966 he was elected as honorary member of the Turkish Historical Society.
He has presented communiqués while participating in many conferences abroad and in Turkey. 200 of his articles have been published in various journals.
Cezayir'in Fransız İşgali Karşısında Osmanlı Siyaseti (Ottoman Policy towards the Invasion of Algeria by the French, 1957), Avrupa'da Osmanlı İkamet Elçiliklerinin Kuruluşu ve İlk Elçilerin Faaliyetleri (Foundation of Ottoman Embassies in Europe and the Activities of the First Ambassadors, 1968), Atatürkçülük Üzerine Denemeler (Essay on Atatürk’s Political Doctrine, 1981), Türkiye'nin Batılılaşması ve Millî Meseleler (Westernization of Turkey and National Issues, 1994), Türkiye'nin Yenileşmesi, Çileli Bir Yolda İlerleyiş (Reformation of Turkey, Advancing in a Difficult Way, 1998), Türk-İslam Kültürüne Dair (On Turkish and Islamic Culture, 2000).