Architect (B. 1908, Istanbul- D. July 17, 1961, Istanbul). After graduating from Beyazit Numune School and Vefa School; he was enrolled in Engineering School (1926), and he was sent to Switzerland upon the condition of becoming a lecturer upon his return. He was the student of Otto Rudolf Salvisberg in Zurich Polytechnic School, who was the pioneer of new ratşonalism in architecture. He completed his architecture training and returned to Turkey. He was appointed as assistant lecturer at High Engineer School, Department of Architecture in 1935. He became a professor in 1938 and the head of Architecture Department. He became the emeritus professor in 1943. When the High Engineering school was transformed into Istanbul Technical University in 1944; he became the first dean of new Faculty of Architecture. After conducting this duty for two terms, he became the rector of ITU. He was Istanbul deputy between 1954-1957; then he returned to his duty at the university.
Onat was always active in architectural works since his years as a studenti and until 1939-1940 his works were part of modern architecture. He participated in Istanbul Theater and Conservatory Project Contest with the nickname "Funktionelli". Hans Poelzig won the first prize; but Emin Onat's style of open plan was remarkable. Onat showed the same characteristics in the projects Yürük Ali Plajı, Belediyeler Bankası and İstanbul Yolcu Salonu projects to which he participated with Prof. Sabri Oran. In 1940s-1950s, his works concentrated on local architecture studies. He participated in Istanbul Court of Justice Contest in 1951 and he stated a modern expression under the impact of national architecture. The most succesful and biggest work of Emin Onat is the Anıtkabir project he had prepared with Prof. Orhan Arda. This project had the first prize in the international contest; and it is one of the first examples indicating that Turkish architecture was at a level to be recognized by all foreign architects.
Onat was selected as the communications member of Royal Institute of British Architects (1946). He received a honorary doctorate from Hannover University (1956). He has established the Turkish branch of Union internationale des architectes (International Union of Architects) and participated in the general council meeting at Lausanne, representing Turkey (1948).
Yıldız Teknik Okulu Binası (1937), Hamidiye ve Mahmudiye, Kepirtepe Köy Enstitüleri (with Leman Tomsu, 1941-1942), İstanbul Göztepe Villa Meral (1941), Anıtkabir (with Orhan Arda, 1942-1953), İstanbul Moda Emin Onat Evi (1944), İstanbul Üniversitesi Fen ve Edebiyat Fakülteleri (with Sedat Hakkı Eldem, 1944), Bursa Vali Konağı (1945-1946), Bursa Uludağ Sanatoryumu (with Leman Tomsu, 1946), Bursa Yapı ve Kredi Bankası (1948), İTÜ Taşkışla Binası değişim ve onarımı (with Paul Bonatz, 1950), İstanbul Emin Onat'ın Annesinin Evi (1951), Ankara Kavaklıdere Cenap And Evi (1952), Ankara Zafer Meydanında Gazino (1952), Ankara Çankaya Cumhurbaşkanlığı Sekreterlik Binası (1953), İstanbul Taksim Mete Caddesinde Apartman (1955), İstanbul Sanayi Kalkınma Bankası (1955), İstanbul Nişantaşı Yüksel Apartmanı (1955), Ankara Hayat Apartmanı (1956), Ankara Emniyet Sarayı (1956), İstanbul Moda Sporel Apartmanı (1956-1957), İstanbul Moda Marmara Apartmanı (1956-1957), İstanbul Moda Deniz Kulübü (1956-1957), İstanbul Gümüşsuyu Büro Binası (Devres Han) (1961).
REFERENCE: Suut Kemal Yetin / Türk Mimarisi (1970), Türkiye Ansiklopedisi (c. 3, s. 1142, 1974), Metin Sözen / Cumhuriyet Dönemi Türk Mimarlığı (1984), Ana Britannica (c. 17, s. 114, 1986), Büyük Larousse (c. 14, s. 8845, 1987), M. Kadri Atabaş / Türk Mimarları (2000), Afife Batur - Z. Ayşe Akyıl -Cengiz Can / M. Emin Onat Yapıları Rehberi (2009), İhsan Işık / Ünlü Sanatçılar (Türkiye Ünlüleri Ansiklopedisi, C. 5, 2013) - Encyclopedia of Turkey’s Famous People (2013).