Politician and statesman, Prime Minister
and 9th President of Turkey, engineer (b. 1 November 1924, Isparta/Atabey/İslâmköy – d. 17 June 2015,
Süleyman Demirel started his political
career in 1962 by being a member of General Administrative Board of Justice
Party (AP). During the revolt of 20 May 1963 he resigned from his assignment in
the party with the sentence “I’ll take my hat and leave”. He worked as a
contractor and as the representative of the American Morrison company in
After the general elections of 10
October 1969 the Justice Party again came to power alone receiving 48% of total
votes. Under the second Demirel government upheavals could not be prevented. On
the other hand, due to a problem caused by the restoration of political rights
of ex-members of Democratic Party, Celâl Bayar and Members of Parliament around
him within the Justice Party resigned and founded the Democratic Party. (1970).
Using this issue as an excuse, National Democratic Revolutionists attempted a
coup on the 9th of March
Although CHP was the party which received the most votes in the elections of 1977, no party could establish the government alone. Under the second MC government established in 1977, Demirel again was the prime minister under the coalition of "AP-MHP-MSP". With the operation called “Güneş Motel Incident”, CHP transferred 13 elected members of parliament within the Justice Party by promising them ministry, the 2. MC government stepped down and in the beginning of 1978 the Ecevit government was established. Most of the members of parliament transferred from AP were granted ministry. Disturbances caused by the embargo, inflation, and anarchist incidents –some of them were organized by the Turkish Gladio (especially Kahramanmaraş incidents which are claimed to be organized by counterinsurgency)–caused that people lost confident in Ecevit’s government. After the boycott of revolutionary groups in 1979 by-elections, Demirel came to power alone.
Meanwhile Turgut Özal was assigned to
State Planning Organization’s Undersecretary. 24 January 1980 was a real climax
Süleyman Demirel who established three coalition governments in 1975, 1977 and 1979 between the 1971 memorandum and 1980 coup, remained arrested for a period in Çanakkale / Zincirbozan military facility after the 12 September 1980 military coup. He stayed out of politics until 1987 because of being banned. He was elected as the Leader of the True Path Party (DYP) on the 24th of September1987. He joined TBMM again as Member of Parliament of Isparta city after the general elections of 29 November 1987. After the general elections of 20 October 1991 Süleyman Demirel was again the Prime Minister in the coalition government established by DYP and Social Democratic Populist Party. In this way he worked as Prime Minister in 30th, 31st, 32nd, 39th, 41st, 43rd and 49th Governments.
Süleyman Demirel became a general
director at the age of
He was elected as the 9th
President of Turkey on the 16th of May 1993 by the Grand Assembly of
Turkey. He transferred his duty in 2000 to the
Constitutional Court President Ahmet Necdet Sezer who graduated from
A university, numerous education and health institutions were given his name in Isparta. Aside from books he wrote about politics, his speeches and interviews done with him were published.
He played an important role at dam constructions, hydroelectric power stations and irrigation facilities on Fırat and Dicle rivers. He also contributed to the development of urban and rural infrastructure, transportation, industry, education, health and other sectors; besides to the realization of Southeastern Anatolia Project (GAP).
Anayasa ve Devlet İdaresi (1972), 1971 Buhranı ve Aydınlığa Doğru (1973),Yeni Bir Sosyal Mukaveleye Doğru (1974), Ufuk ve Çizgi (1976), Büyük Türkiye (1977), Demirel Demokrasiyi Anlatıyor, Kalkınmanın Manevi Yönü, İslâm ve Demokrasi (1987), Demirel GAP’I Anlatıyor ,Gençlik ve Eğitim, İslâm – Demokrasi ve Laiklik (1991).