Historiographer (b. 1906, Kosovo - d. 18 January 1982, Ankara). After completing Ortaköy School for Orphans in 1922 and Edirne High School where he attended as a free boarder in 1928, he went to France and graduated from Paris University, Department of History and Geography (1933). Upon his return to Turkey, he was made lecturer at İstanbul University, Faculty of Literature. He also gave lectures on History in the Academy of War (1935 - 41). In 1935, he performed the duties of associate professor in the History of Turkish Revolutions. In 1937, he was made the manager of the magazine Tarih Semineri. Karal, who took up the position of professor and president of the Department of History in Ankara University, Faculty of Language, Department of History and Geography, also became the dean of this faculty (1944 - 48). Upon a request from NATO to Turkey and on the suggestion of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, he lectured courses on the Turkish Republic at Tucson University in the United States. After being a lecturer in the Faculty of Sciences, the Faculty of History of Turkish Revolution, which he founded, and the Institute of Turkish Revolution, he was made the rector of Ankara University (1948 - 50).
Fransa, Mısır ve Osmanlı İmparatorluğu (France, Egypt and the Ottoman Empire, 1938), Halet Efendi’nin Paris Büyükelçiliği 1802-1806 (The Duties of Halet Efendi at the Paris Embassy 1802 - 1806, 1940), Tarih Notları (Notes on History, 1940), Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Tarihi (The History of the Turkish Republic, 1942), Selim III’ün Hatt-ı Hümayunları (The Notifications of Selim the Third, 2 Volumes, Wars and Rebellions, Nizam-ı Cedid, 1942-46), Osmanlı İmparatorluğunda İlk Nüfus Sayımı (the First Census in the Ottoman Empire, 1943), İlk, Orta ve Yakın Çağ Tarihleri (Histories of the First , Middle and Recent Periods, together with A. M. Mansel and C. Baysun, 1943), Osmanlı Tarihi (The History of the Ottoman Empire, 8 volumes; the first four volumes were written together with İsmail Hakkı Uzunçarşılı. He completed the last four volumes, 1947-62), Atatürk’ten Düşünceler (Thoughts from Atatürk, 1956), Osmanlı Tarihi IX.Cilt (History of the Ottoman Empire, Volume 9, published after his death), Osmanlı Tarihi X.Cilt (History of the Ottoman Empire, Volume 10, published by his daughter Prof. Seçil Akgün), Osmanlı İmparatorluğunda Ermeni Meselesi (The Armenian Issue in the Ottoman Empire, 1971), Atatürk ve Devrim (Atatürk and Revolution, 1980), Yakındoğu Ticaret Tarihi (History of Commerce in the Near East, translation from U. Heyd, 1980).
REFERENCE: İhsan Işık / Yazarlar Sözlüğü (1990, 1998) - Türkiye Yazarlar Ansiklopedisi (2001, 2004) – Encyclopedia of Turkish Authors (2005) - Resimli ve Metin Örnekli Türkiye Edebiyatçılar ve Kültür Adamları Ansiklopedisi (2006, gen. 2. bas. 2007) – Ünlü Bilim Adamları (Türkiye Ünlüleri Ansiklopedisi, C. 2, 2013) - Encyclopedia of Turkey’s Famous People (2013), Şükran Kurdakul / Şairler ve Yazarlar Sözlüğü (gen. 6. bas. 1999), Cumhuriyet Kuşağının Not Karnesi / Tarihçi Ord. Prof. Dr. Enver Ziya Karal - Prof. Seçil Karal Akgün / Babam Enver Ziya Karal (Bütün Dünya, Ocak 2001), Atatürk’ten Düşünceler Atatürk ve Devrim (Kitap Rehberi, Aralık 2001), Mahmut H. Şakiroğlu / TDV İslâm Ansiklopedisi (c. 24, 2001), Remzi Demir - Doğan Atılgan / Dil ve Tarih-Coğrafya Fakültesi ve Türkiye’de Beşerî Bilimlerin Yeniden İnşası - Elli Portre (2008).